Health Care in India : The government is more concerned about the health of the honorable people who sit in the Parliament than the common people. The government itself has confirmed this. In the National Health Accounts report released by the Union Health Ministry, information has been given about the expenditure on health in the year 2018-19. It has been told in this report that during this period, how much did the central and state governments spend on health and how much did people put in their pockets?
According to the report, more than Rs 5.96 lakh crore was spent on health in the year 2018-19. Of this, 2.42 lakh crore was spent by the central and state governments together while the remaining Rs 3.54 lakh crore was done by the common people from their own pockets. Accordingly, 1815 rupees were spent by the government per person in a year. If the average of one day’s expenditure on a person is taken, then it is less than Rs.5.
MPs spend more than ordinary people
In response to an RTI, the Rajya Sabha Secretariat had said that in the year 2018-19, Rs 1.26 crore was spent on the health of the members of the Upper House. The total number of members in the Rajya Sabha is 245, according to this figure per MP this figure is more than 51 thousand.
health spending cut
According to the report of National Health Accounts, in the year 2018-19, the health budget of the country was 1.28 percent of the GDP. Which is less than the previous year i.e. 2017-18. In 2017-18, 1.35 percent of GDP was spent on health. India lags far behind its smaller neighbors in terms of spending on health. Bhutan, a small country surrounded by land on all sides, spends 2.65 percent of its GDP while Sri Lanka, which is facing economic crisis, spends 2 percent.
The National Health Accounts report for the year 2014-15 suggested spending at least 5 per cent of GDP on health. The Economic Survey also recommended spending 2.5 to 3 percent of GDP. The government was suggested to spend more and more on public health, so that the expenditure of the common people could be reduced. According to the Economic Survey for the year 2021-22, the central and state governments spent 2.1 percent of GDP on health during this period. A target has been set to spend 2.5 percent on health by 2025.
Need to increase spending on public health
In a country with a huge population like India, spending on public health is also necessary because here more than 800 million population lives in poverty. As health services are becoming more expensive, the challenge before them is increasing. Due to this people are getting trapped in the quagmire of poverty. The National Health Policy 2015 stated that 65 million people face poverty every year due to out-of-pocket expenditure on health. According to the National Health Profile 2021, if a sick person is admitted in a government hospital in the village, then his average is Rs 4290. At the same time, on admission to a private hospital in the village, this expenditure increases to Rs 22952.
Difference in cost of government hospital and private clinic
Similarly, in urban areas, 4837 rupees are spent on government hospitalization and 38,822 rupees for private hospitalization. According to information received from government sources, the average annual income of every person in the country is close to Rs 1.50 lakh. In such a situation, when a person coming from this income group gets admitted to the hospital due to deteriorating health, then his earnings of two to three months are spent only in paying the bills. In this way, the person gradually gets trapped in the debt trap and eventually reaches the quagmire of poverty.