Har Ghar Tiranga Abhiyaan: On the occasion of Amrit Mahotsav of India’s independence, we are going to tell you the history of the national flag of India. When did the tricolor come into existence, was the tricolor the flag of the country even before the country became independent? How many amendments were made to this flag and how it became the national flag of the country.
If we talk about before independence, there was no national flag of this country divided into small princely states. It is a different matter that everyone was troubled by the foreign rule and everyone’s desire was to get rid of the foreign rule. That’s why everyone fought together for a common cause. Even during the first freedom struggle of 1857, despite fighting together, the country did not have a single national flag. At that time only the Union Jack was hoisted. Even before that no India had ever had such a national flag which could represent it as a nation.
When did the first flag come into existence
The first flag of the country was designed by an Indian freedom fighter Sachindra Prasad Bose. Who was a follower of Sir Surendranath Banerjee. This flag was hoisted in 1906 in protest against the partition of Bengal. At that time Sachindra was a fourth year student of Ripon College, Calcutta. He designed and hoisted the Calcutta flag on 7 August 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square (Greer Park) in Calcutta, India. In 1908, he was arrested and sent to Rawalpindi Jail. This flag was saffron yellow and green in color with Vande Mataram written in the middle. In fact, till the time the partition of Bengal was announced, Indians did not feel the need to keep the flag. The day was declared a national mourning day. A year later, this flag was hoisted on the anniversary of the anti-Partition movement. Later after partition was annulled, people forgot about the flag.
Madam Bhikaji Rustam Cama, who attended the Second International Socialist Congress in Germany, gave a speech and waved the flag about the political battle with the British. It was made by Hem Chandra Das. This flag was green above, saffron in the middle and red below, in which Vande Mataram was written in the middle.
Years later, during the Home Rule Movement in 1917, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mrs. Annie Besant also designed a flag. The flag was accompanied by the Union Jack with five red and five green horizontal stripes.
Four years later in 1921, Gandhiji asked Shri Pingale Venkayya to design a national flag for the freedom movement, in which the flag should have a ‘charkha’ as it represents self-reliance, progress and the common man. It was also called Swaraj Dhwaja, Gandhi Dhwaj and Charkha Dhwaj. However, in 1931 a seven-member flag committee was set up in Karachi to modify the flag and they gave a new design.
The big day for India came when Lord Mountbatten announced the decision to make India independent. The need for a flag acceptable to all parties was felt and an ad hoc flag committee headed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad was formed to design the flag for independent India. Gandhiji’s consent was taken and it was decided to modify the flag of Pingale Venkaiah. In place of the charkha, the wheel, the symbol of the Sarnath pillar of Ashoka, was fixed. None of the colors had any communal significance. The national flag was adopted on 22 July 1947.