Indian Flag Designer: It is also very important to discuss the tricolor symbolizing our pride and pride in the Amrit Festival of Independence. At present, vigorous preparations are going on to run the tricolor campaign from door to door across the country, but it is a strange irony that even after 75 years of the country’s independence, very few people in the country know who designed this tricolor. was.
The tricolor is a symbol of India’s identity in the whole world and today is also the birthday of the great man who designed this tricolor. The great man who designed this tricolor was Pingali Venkaiah who was born on 2 August 1876 in a small village in Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Inspired by the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, he jumped into the freedom struggle and he designed our beloved tricolor. However, the sad part is that Pingala Venkaiah did not get the respect that he deserved during his lifetime.
Influenced by the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi
Pingali Venkaiah, who designed the tricolour, had his early education in Bhatala Penamru and Machilipatnam. At the age of 19, he reached Mumbai where he got an opportunity to work in the British Army. In the meantime he was sent to South Africa. From 1899 to 1902, he took part in the Bayer War in South Africa.
It was in South Africa that Pingala Venkaiah met the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, whose thoughts influenced him greatly. With the inspiration of Mahatma Gandhi, he returned home from South Africa. After returning to India from South Africa, he got a job as a guard in the Railways. After returning to India, he made a significant contribution to the freedom struggle.
National flag of 30 countries studied
Before designing the national flag of India, Pingla did in-depth research about the national flags of about 30 countries. During the 1921 convention of the Indian National Congress, he presented his concept about the national flag for the first time. Earlier he had put two more colors in the flag, red and green. The red and green colors represented the Hindu and Muslim communities respectively.
According to experts, Mahatma Gandhi also insisted on adding white color to it to represent the rest of the groups. At the same time, he also suggested that the spinning wheel should also be included as an indicator of the progress of the nation.
Resolution passed for adoption of national flag
In 1931, nearly a decade after Pingla introduced the concept of the national flag, a resolution to adopt the tricolor as the national flag was passed with some modifications. The main amendment was made in this that the red color was replaced by saffron. After that, on 22 July 1947, this tricolor was adopted as the national flag by the Constituent Assembly.
After independence, this tricolor became a symbol of India’s pride and glory. However, a minor amendment was also made in it that instead of the spinning wheel, Emperor Ashoka’s Dharma Chakra was included in it. Experts say that Mahatma Gandhi was also angry when the spinning wheel was removed from the national flag.
died in extreme poverty
Pingla, who designed the national flag of the country, could not get due respect after the independence of the country. He died in a hut in Vijayawada on 4 July in a state of extreme poverty.
In 2009, nearly 46 years after his death, a postage stamp was issued in his honor remembering Pingla’s contribution. In January 2016, his statue was unveiled by the then Union Minister Venkaiah Naidu at the All India Radio Building in Vijayawada.
Demand to give Bharat Ratna to Venkaiah
Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister and YSR Congress President Jaganmohan Reddy had written to Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year demanding that Pingali Venkaiah be conferred the Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian honour. Reddy said that it was Venkaiah who designed the Indian tricolor. The tricolor designed by him became synonymous with the spirit of independent India.
In such a situation, it will be a matter of pride for every Indian to honor him with Bharat Ratna. The Chief Minister had also honored his daughter and other family members by visiting the residence of Pingali Venkaiah. So far no action has been taken by the Government of India on this demand of Reddy.