October 3, 2022
Protect Farms From Chemical Fertilizers : Protect Farms From Chemical Fertilizers

Protect Farms From Chemical Fertilizers : The Green Revolution may have made the country self-dependent in the matter of food grains. The ever-increasing use of chemical fertilizers made man’s stomach full but spoiled his health. To maintain and increase the yield, we increased the amount of fertilizers. Without checking your soil, add any fertilizer you want.

Earlier farmers used to do rotational farming in their fields. Now profitable farming has started. In cyclic farming, the soil of the field used to get minerals according to its need from different produce. Along with this, there was also a practice of leaving the field fallow after two or three crops for a period of one crop. Due to which the soil used to become strong enough by itself.

In 1950-51, Indian farmers used only seven lakh tonnes of chemical fertilizers. Which has now increased to 310 lakh tonnes. Of this, 70 lakh tonnes have to be imported from abroad. According to a written reply given to the Lok Sabha by the Union Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilizers Bhagwant Khuba on August 5, the total requirement of four fertilizers – Urea, DAP (Di-Ammonium Phosphate), MOP (Murate of Potash), NPKS (Nitrogen, Phosphorous). and potassium) – increased by 21 percent to 640.27 lakh MT in 2021-22 from 528.86 lakh MT in 2017-18 in the country. The maximum increase- 25.44 per cent- has been recorded in the requirement of DAP. It increased from 98.77 lakh metric tonnes in 2017-18 to 123.9 in 2021-22. Urea, the most used chemical fertilizer in the country, registered a growth of 19.64 per cent in the last five years – from 298 LMT in 2017-18 to 356.53 in 2021-22.

Certainly the increasing use of chemical fertilizers has also increased the yield, but it has adversely affected the environment along with agriculture and agriculture. With the decline in the fertility of the soil, the soil started becoming alkaline. As a result, there have also been complaints of declining yields. Not only this, due to the excessive use of fertilizers like urea and DAP, natural elements are being lost from the soil. Due to which the capacity of water storage in the soil particles started decreasing. As a result, more irrigation was required. Some of the damages caused by chemical fertilizers include waterway pollution, chemical burns to crops, increased air pollution, soil acidification and soil mineral depletion. Uneven use of chemical fertilizers has also been reported to have adverse effects on atmospheric nitrogen fixation. The use of urea is also harming the greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide, ozone layer present in the atmosphere. The use of insecticides also made the pests, which are called friendly creatures of farmers, disappeared from the fields. These organisms are helpful in maintaining the fertility of the soil through biological activities.

But we increased the amount of chemical fertilizers to compensate for all this. The cost of cultivation started increasing due to the increasing amount of fertilizers. Then our attention shifted to cow dung. But due to the ever decreasing number of animals, it could not be landed on the ground. In such a situation, the farmers were left with no option but to use chemical fertilizers. But the diseases caused by these frightened man so much that there was a huge and expensive market for organic produce food items. But it is so expensive that a handful of wealth is confined to the Kubers.

To get rid of all these problems, the central government has started focusing on the scheme to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers. The name of this scheme is PM Pranam (Promotion of Alternative Nutrients for Agriculture Management). The objective of the scheme is to reduce the subsidy burden on chemical fertilizers, which is estimated to reach Rs 2.25 lakh crore in 2022-23. This will be 39 percent more than last year’s figure. This assumes significance in view of the sharp increase in the overall fertilizer requirement in the country during the last five years.

The details of the scheme were shared by top officials of the Union Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers during the National Conference on Agriculture for Rabi Campaign held on 7th September.

There will be no separate budget for the new scheme. It will be financed through savings of existing fertilizer subsidies under schemes run by the Department of Fertilizers. 50% of the subsidy savings will be given as a grant to the saving state. 70 per cent of the grant provided under the scheme can be used for asset creation related to technology adoption of alternative fertilizers and alternative fertilizer production units at village, block and district level. The remaining 30 per cent grant money can be used to reward and encourage farmers, Panchayats, Farmer Producer Organizations and Self Help Groups who are involved in fertilizer use reduction and creating awareness. The increase or decrease of a state in urea in a year will be compared with the average consumption of urea during the last three years.

For this purpose, the data available on the dashboard of the Ministry of Fertilizers, IFMS (Integrated Fertilizer Management System) will be used. Official records show that the actual expenditure on fertilizer subsidy in 2020-21 was Rs 1.27 lakh crore. In the Union Budget 2021-22, the government budgeted an amount of Rs 79,530 crore, which increased to Rs 1.40 lakh crore in the revised estimate. However, the final figure for fertilizer subsidy reached Rs 1.62 lakh crore in 2021-22. In the current financial year 2022-23, the government has allocated Rs 1.05 lakh crore. The Fertilizer Minister has said that this year the figure of fertilizer subsidy may cross Rs 2.25 lakh crore.

The government is not only concerned about subsidies. His concern is to save people from diseases caused by the use of these chemical fertilisers. It is said that due to the use of chemical fertilizers, man is falling prey to all the diseases of the stomach. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is also considered among the reasons for the unbridled spread of cancer. According to a new report, cancer cases in India have increased at an average annual rate of 1.1-2 percent during 2010-2019. The paper shows that there has also been an average increase of 0.1-1 percent in cancer deaths in the country over the same period.

Cancer growth rates are among the highest globally, according to an analysis by the Washington School of Medicine’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) published in the journal JAMA on December 30, 2021. Projections from another study suggest that in 2020 At least 1,392,179 people in India had cancer. The only way to avoid all this is to abstain from pesticides and fertilizers as well as get rid of adulteration. (Credits from Daily Poorvodaya.)

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