Sankashti Chaturthi 2022 Vrat Date and Time: Sankashti Chaturthi also known as Sankathara Chaturthi in South Indian states is an auspicious festival for Hindus, celebrated in honor of Lord Ganesha. It is celebrated on the ‘Chaturthi’ (fourth day) of the Krishna Paksha (decreasing phase of the moon) during every Hindu calendar month. Also when Sankashti Chaturthi falls on Tuesday, it is popularly known as Angaraki Chaturthi and is considered to be the most auspicious of all Sankashti Chaturthi days.
Sankashti Chaturthi is celebrated on the Chaturthi Tithi (fourth day) of the Krishna Paksha of every Hindu calendar month.
The festival of Sankashti Chaturthi is prevalent in both the northern and southern states of India. In the state of Maharashtra, the festivities are even more elaborate and grand. The word ‘Sankashti’ has Sanskrit origin and means ‘salvation during difficult times’ while ‘Chaturthi’ means ‘fourth day or the day of Lord Ganesha’. Hence on this auspicious day devotees worship Lord Ganesha to remove all the obstacles in life and help him to emerge victorious in every difficult situation.
Rituals of Sankashti Chaturthi:
On the day of Sankashti Chaturthi, devotees wake up early and worship Lord Ganesha. They keep a strict fast in honor of their deity. Some may also observe partial fasting. One who observes this fast can eat only fruits, vegetables and roots of plants. The staple Indian diet on this day includes groundnut, potato and sabudana khichdi.
Sankashti Ganesh Chaturthi fasting
Sankashti Puja is performed in the evening after sighting the moon. The idol of Lord Ganesha is decorated with Durva grass and fresh flowers. During this, the lamp is also lit. Other common worship rituals such as the burning of incense and the recitation of Vedic mantras are also performed. The devotees then recite the specific ‘Vrat Katha’ for the month. The fast is broken in the evening only after worshiping Lord Ganesha and sighting the moon.
Special ‘naivedya’ containing modaks and other favorite food of Lord Ganesha is prepared as prasad. This is followed by an ‘Aarti’ and later Prasad is distributed among all the devotees.
On the day of Sankashti Chaturthi, special puja rituals are also performed dedicated to the moon or the moon god. It involves sprinkling water, sandalwood paste, holy rice and flowers in the direction of the moon.
It is auspicious to recite ‘Ganesh Ashtotra’, ‘Sankatnashan Stotra’ and ‘Vakrathund Mahakaya’ to name a few on this day. In fact any other Vedic mantras dedicated to Lord Ganesha can be chanted.
Sankashti Chaturthi date time September, 2022
Chaturthi Tithi Timings September 13, 10:37 AM – September 14, 10:25 AM
Significance of Sankashti Chaturthi:
The sighting of the moon on the holy day of Sankashti Chaturthi has special significance. Enthusiastic devotees of Lord Ganesha believe that by praying with devotion to their deity, especially on Angaraki Chaturthi, all their wishes will be fulfilled and they will lead a prosperous life. Childless couples also observe a fast on Sankashti Chaturthi for the attainment of children.
Since Sankashti Chaturthi is celebrated in every lunar month, Lord Ganesha is worshiped in each month with a different Peeta (lotus petal) and name. There are 13 Vrats in total, each Vrat having a specific purpose and story, which is known as ‘Vrata Katha’. Hence there are 13 ‘Vrat Kathas’ in total, one for each month and the last Katha for ‘Adika’ which is an additional month that comes every four years in the Hindu calendar.
The story of each of this Vrat is unique to each month and is recited in that month itself. According to Hindu scriptures, on this holy day Lord Shiva declared the supremacy of his son Sankashti (another name for Lord Ganesha) over other gods except Vishnu, Lakshmi and Parvati.
Since then, Lord Sankashti is worshiped as the god of prosperity, good fortune and freedom. It is believed that on the day of Sankashti Chaturthi, Lord Ganesha bestows the presence of the earth to all his devotees. The importance of Sankashti Chaturthi fast is mentioned in ‘Bhavishya Purana’ and ‘Narasimha Purana’ and it was also explained by Lord Krishna himself to Yudhishthira, who is the eldest of all Pandavas.