New Delhi: There are only a few days left for the Tokyo Olympic Games to begin. Every player who participates in this Mahakumbh of sports aspires to win medals for his country. But do you know that the history of these medals has been very interesting.
Medal has come a long way
Once upon a time, winning players were given a necklace of olive flowers in the Olympic Games, then in the era of technology, medals were made by melting old mobile phones and electric salmon.
What will the Tokyo medal be like?
Medals for the Tokyo Olympics are made from recycled electrical equipment. These medals will be 8.5 cm in diameter and will have a picture of ‘Nike’, the goddess of victory of Greece.
Medals will be made from old cell phones
Unlike many years ago, they have been made from gold, silver and bronze (in this case copper and zinc) extracted from more than 79,000 tons of used mobile phones and other small electric devices donated by the Japanese public. Has gone. During the ancient Olympic Games, winners were given ‘kotinos’ or garlands of olive flowers, considered a sacred prize in Greece and a sign of the highest honour.
Picture of this deity in medal
A lost tradition of Greece, the Olympic Games were reborn in 1896 in Athens. With the reincarnation, the old customs were replaced by new customs and the tradition of giving medals started. The winners were given silver while the runners-up were given a copper or bronze medal. In front of the medal was a picture of Zeus, the father of the gods, who was holding Naik. Games were organized in honor of Juse. On the reverse side of the medal was a picture of the Acropolis.
All three medals started getting from 1904
Gold, silver and bronze medals were used for the first time in 1904 in St. Louis. These medals represent the first 3 eras of Greek mythology. The Golden Age – when humans lived with the gods, the Silver Age – where youth was a hundred years old and the Bronze Age or the age of heroes.
change in 1923
Over the next century, the size, shape, weight, composition and image of the medal kept changing. In 1923, the IOC started a competition for craftsmen to design medals for the Olympic Games. The design of Italian artist Giuseppe Cacioli was chosen as the winner in 1928. Then in 1924 the Paris Olympics were held.
This design lasted for a long time
The front of the medal was raised, with Nike holding the palm in his left hand and the crown for the winner in his right. It had a painting of Kalagriha in the background and on the back side a winning player was carried by a crowd of people. This design of the medal remained intact for a long time.
What happened at the Munich Olympics?
Host cities were allowed to change the back of the medals from the 1972 Munich Olympics. The next section, however, underwent a change during the Athens Olympics in 2004. There was a new image of Nike in this, she was flying over the 1896 Panathenaic Stadium to give victory to the strongest, tallest and fastest player.
Earlier medals did not have ribbons
Before the 1960 Rome Olympics, medals were pinned to the winners’ chests, but in these Games the medals were designed like a necklace and the players could wear them around their necks with the help of a chain. Four years later, this chain was replaced by colorful ribbons.
Gold medal is not completely gold
The interesting thing is that the gold medal is not entirely made of gold. For the last time in 1912, the Stockholm Olympics were given completely made of gold. Now only gold water is offered on medals. As per the IOC guidelines, the gold medal should contain at least 6 grams of gold. But in reality the medal has a large part of silver.
What did the Chinese do?
In the Beijing Olympics 2008, for the first time, China introduced a medal that was made of jade, not any metal. This ruby, a symbol of honor and virtue in the traditional culture of China, was placed on the back side of every medal.
care for the environment
In view of the increasing awareness towards the environment, the organizers of the Rio Olympics 2016 decided to use more recycled metals. Not only did 30 percent recycled items were used in the medals, but 50 percent recycled plastic bottles were also used in the ribbons attached to it. Following in the footsteps of Rio, the organizers of the Tokyo Olympics also decided to make similar medals.