August 12, 2022
Government completes process of harmonization of 5G spectrum, allotment by August 12

Telecom Minister Ashwini Vaishnav has said that within days of holding the 5G auction, the government has completed the spectrum ‘reconciliation’ process, paving the way for streamlining the players’ stake within a particular band.

The spectrum reconciliation process, critical for 5G services, brings together a group of radio wave holdings within a band into a contiguous block, with the consent of all telecom service providers.

Vaishnav told PTI that the government is ready for timely allotment of radio waves purchased by the players (in the auction) by August 12. The process of approval from the committee of secretaries has also been completed.

“In a single day, we have completed the spectrum reconciliation process, which happens after every auction,” the minister said.

Spectrum harmonization creates greater potential for players, as portions of radio-wave holdings in a band are brought together or consolidated with the consent of all players.

Vaishnav said, “What we promised we will allot spectrum by August 12…we are on time.”

A DoT official, explaining the concept of spectrum reconciliation, drew a parallel line with distributed land holdings bringing the gaps together into adjacent holdings.

India’s biggest ever auction of telecom spectrum that concluded on August 1 (Monday) received bids worth a record Rs 1.5 lakh crore, with Mukesh Ambani’s Jio bidding nearly half of all airwaves sold with a bid of Rs 88,078 crore Achieved it.

The conglomerate of richest Indian Gautam Adani, whose entry into the auction was billed as another flash point in the rivalry with Ambani, paid Rs 212 crore for 400 MHz, or a sum of all spectrum sold. Paid less than a percentage. Used to offer public telephony services.

Telecom tycoon Sunil Bharti Mittal’s Bharti Airtel made a successful bid of Rs 43,084 crore, while Vodafone Idea Ltd bought spectrum for Rs 18,799 crore.

Of the 72,098 MHz spectrum offered in 10 bands, 51,236 MHz or 71 per cent was sold.

After each auction, the individual player’s separate holdings in a band are brought together through a reconciliation process. Such transfers and consolidation would require all players to agree, a process that typically takes months.

Vaishnav said, “It is a difficult process but we have completed the process of reconciliation in a single day. The team has worked very carefully.”

Reliance Jio Infocomm has got 24,740 MHz spectrum in 700, 800, 1800, 3300 MHz and 26 GHz. Adani Data Networks Limited acquired 400 MHz of spectrum in the 26 GHz band suitable for captive networks.

Bharti Airtel has achieved 19,867.8 MHz in 900, 1800, 2100, 3300 MHz and 26 GHz bands. Vodafone Idea Ltd bought 6,228 MHz spectrum in 1800, 2100, 2500, 3300 MHz and 26 GHz.

Spectrum refers to the radio frequencies allocated to the mobile industry and other sectors for communication over the airwaves. This includes FM or AM radio broadcasts and even other wireless forms of communication such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi.

Mobile phones also use this radio wave to make voice calls and transmit data. These frequencies come in different bands, which support specific technologies, as well as control the transmission speed. The amount of spectrum in each band is measured in MHz.

Typically, 5G provides about 10 times faster speeds, lag-free connectivity than 4G, and can enable billions of connected devices to share data in real time.

In addition to powering an ultra-low latency connection that allows full-length high-quality video or movie downloads to a mobile device in a matter of seconds (even in congested areas), the fifth generation or 5G e- solution like this will enable. health, connected vehicles, more immersive augmented reality and metaverse experiences, life-saving use cases, and advanced mobile cloud gaming, and more.


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