Indiana has become the first state in the country to pass a new law restricting access to abortion since the US Supreme Court ruling in June that reversed Roe v. Wade.
The Indiana legislature on Friday approved a near-complete abortion ban with few exceptions, which covers rape, incest cases, and to protect the life and physical health of the mother.
Republican Governor Eric Holcomb immediately signed the bill.
Indiana was one of the first Republican-run state legislatures.The constitutional protection for the procedure was removed after the Supreme Court ruling.
The Senate almost approved the 28-19 ban, hours after members of the House made it 62-38.
This covers limited exceptions, including cases of rape and incest, and protects the life and physical health of the mother. Exceptions to rape and incest are limited to 10 weeks after fertilization, meaning victims cannot get an abortion in Indiana after that. Victims will not be required to sign a notarized affidavit confirming an assault.
Republican Representative Wendy McNamara of Evansville, who sponsored the bill, told reporters after the House vote that the law “makes Indiana one of the most pro-life states in the country.”
Outside the House chamber, abortion-rights activists often shouted slogans over the remarks of lawmakers, which carried signs such as “Row Ro Row Your Vote” and “Build This Wall” between church and state. Some House Democrats wore blazers over pink “Bains of Our Bodies” T-shirts.
Following repeated requests from doctors and others, the House added exceptions to protect the health and life of the mother. It also allows abortion if a malignant anomaly is diagnosed in the fetus.
Indiana lawmakers have heard hours of testimony over the past two weeks in which residents from all sides of the issue have, rarely, supported the law. Abortion-rights supporters said the bill goes too far, while anti-abortion activists expressed that it doesn’t go far enough.
The House also rejected a Democratic motion to place a non-binding question on the statewide November election ballot, largely on party lines: “Will abortion be legal in Indiana?”
the offer came afterA measure that would have allowed the state’s Republican-controlled legislature to tighten abortion in the first test of voters’ sentiments about the issue since Row was overturned.
Indiana House Speaker Todd Huston told reporters that if residents are unhappy, they can vote for new lawmakers.
“Ultimately it is up to the Senate,” he said. “Voters have an opportunity to vote, and if they are unhappy, they will have an opportunity both in November and in future years.”
Indiana’s proposed ban also comes after a political storm over the 10-year-old rape victim, who had traveled to the state from neighboring Ohio, to terminate her pregnancy. The case drew attention when an Indianapolis doctor said the baby had come to Indiana because of Ohio’s “fetal palpitations” ban.
Democratic Rep. Maureen Bauer sheds tears ahead of Friday’s vote about people in her South Bend district who oppose the bill — husbands standing behind their wives, fathers supporting their daughters — as well as women. who are demanding that we be seen equally.”
Bauer’s remarks were followed by raucous cheers from protesters in the hallway and applause from fellow Democrats.
“You wouldn’t have thought these women would show up,” Bauer said. “Maybe you thought we wouldn’t notice.”
Legislators in West Virginia passed a chance to become the first state with a unified ban on July 29 after its House of Delegates refused to agree with Senate amendments that would reduce criminal penalties for physicians who perform illegal abortions. removes. Instead the delegates asked for a conference committee to consider the details between the bills.
The debates come amid an evolving landscape of abortion politics across the country as Republicans face party divisions and Democrats push for a potential election-year.
Religion was a constant theme during the special session, both in residents’ testimony and MPs’ comments.
Advocating against the bill, Rep. Ann Vermillion denounced her fellow Republicans, who called women who get abortions “murderers.”
“I think the Lord’s promise is for grace and mercy,” she said. “He wouldn’t be jumping to condemn these women.”