Britain’s longest-reigning Queen and the country’s premier for seven decades, Queen Elizabeth, has died at the age of 96, Buckingham Palace said on Thursday.
The following is a timeline of the Queen’s life and reign:
April 21, 1926 – Elizabeth was born at 17 Broughton Street in London at 2.40 pm and was christened in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on May 29 of the same year.
December 11, 1936 – She succeeded at the age of 10, when her uncle Edward VIII resigned and her father became King George VI.
November 20, 1947 – She marries Navy Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, a Greek prince, at Westminster Abbey in London. They had four children: Prince Charles (born 1948), Princess Anne (1950), Prince Andrew (1960) and Prince Edward (1964).
February 1952 – Princess Elizabeth and her husband, Prince Philip, embark on a tour of Africa and Asia in place of their ailing father, King George VI. News of the king’s death reaches her in Kenya on 6 February, meaning she is the first sovereign to assume the throne abroad in more than 200 years.
June 2, 1953 – Queen Elizabeth is crowned at Westminster Abbey in the first televised coronation service.
November 24, 1953 – The Queen’s first Commonwealth tour begins, covering a distance of 43,618 miles.
1970 – During a visit to New Zealand, the Queen introduces a “walkabout”, a strategy for meeting people for royal tours.
1977 – The Queen marks her silver jubilee – 25 years as monarch – with visits to Commonwealth countries and lavish celebrations in Britain.
1981 – Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer in a glittering ceremony.
1982 – Prince William, the first child of Charles and Diana, is born on June 21. Prince Harry is born two years later.
1986 – Prince Andrew marries high-spirited publishing executive Sarah Ferguson, better known as “Fergie”. The couple becomes the Duke and Duchess of York.
1991 – The Queen visits the United States and becomes the first monarch to address Congress.
1992 – Her 40th year on the throne, which she calls ‘anus horribilis’ (terrible year), is marked by marital ups and downs and public discontent.
– Andrew and Sarah separate. Anne divorced Mark Phillips.
Windsor Castle was badly damaged by fire in November. Rani agrees to pay income tax.
In December, Charles and Diana announced their separation.
1995 – In March, the Queen gives the first speech by a British monarch to a South African parliament since 1947.
– In December, Buckingham Palace confirmed that the Queen had written to Charles and Diana urging a divorce.
1996 – Charles and Diana divorce in August.
1997 – On August 31, Diana and her millionaire partner Dodi al-Fayed are killed when their car crashes while being chased through Paris by photographers on a motorcycle. The Queen and the Royal Family have been criticized for their reserved response.
– In November, large crowds greet the Queen and Philip as they celebrate their golden wedding anniversary. In an unusually candid speech, the Queen acknowledges that the monarchy survives only with the support of the public.
February 9, 2002 – The Queen’s sister, Princess Margaret, died at the age of 71 of glamor and heartbreak.
March 30 – Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, died at Windsor Castle at the age of 101.
June 1-4 – The Queen’s Golden Jubilee is celebrated in a four-day nationwide celebration.
2005 – Son and heir Prince Charles marries Camilla Parker Bowles in a civil ceremony in Windsor.
April 29, 2011 – The Queen attends the wedding of her grandsons Prince William and Kate Middleton.
May – The Queen makes a four-day state visit to Ireland, the first by a British monarch since Ireland gained independence from London in 1921.
2012 – The Diamond Jubilee sees four days of celebrations, with a nationwide tour in June to mark his 60th year on the throne. A million people gather for a spectacle on the River Thames, and millions attend street parties.
2013 – Prince William’s wife Kate gives birth to son Prince George. Their second child, Princess Charlotte, was born in 2015 and her younger brother, Prince Louis, was born in 2018.
On 23–26 June 2014, the Queen began her last foreign trip to Germany.
– On September 9, at around 5.30 pm UK time, Elizabeth overtook her great-grandmother Queen Victoria to become the country’s longest-reigning monarch.
April 21, 2016 – Elizabeth celebrates her 90th birthday, the first British monarch to reach such a milestone.
August 2, 2017 – Husband Philip steps out of public life after supporting his wife for 65 years.
November 20 – Elizabeth and Philip celebrate their 70th wedding anniversary with a private party at Windsor Castle.
2018 – The Queen’s grandson Prince Harry marries divorced American actress Meghan Markle of Los Angeles in a star-studded wedding at Windsor Castle.
October, 2019 – A family feud between William and Harry goes public, with the little prince confirming rumors of a rift.
15 November – Prince Andrew gives a devastating interview to BBC TV in an attempt to draw a line under a sex scandal. Days later she was forced to step down from royal duties due to her relationship with disgraced American financier Jeffrey Epstein, who was jailed for child sex offenses in 2008.
January, 2020 – Harry and Meghan announce they will no longer be working members of the Royal Family. They move to Los Angeles in March.
April 5 – The Queen makes only the fifth special televised broadcast of her reign to rally the nation amid the COVID-19 outbreak.
April 9, 2021 – Prince Philip, the Queen’s husband of 73 years, has died peacefully at the age of 99 at Windsor Castle.
20 October – The Queen spends a night in hospital for the first time in years in what Buckingham Palace calls a “preliminary investigation”.
November 30 – Barbados becomes a republic, meaning that the queen is now the head of state of only 15 realms.
January 13, 2022 – Buckingham Palace says Prince Andrew has been stripped of his military links and royal patronage and will no longer be referred to as “His Royal Highness” after he refused a US lawsuit brought by Virginia Giuffre. In which it was said that Shahi had sexually abused her. She was a teenager.
February 6 – The Queen enters her 70th year on the throne, using this opportunity to bless Charles’ second wife, Camilla, to be called Queen Consort when she becomes King.
February 15 – Prince Andrew pays an undisclosed amount to settle the US lawsuit, but commits no wrongdoing.
February 20 – Rani tests positive for COVID-19 and is said to be suffering from mild cold-like symptoms. She soon returns to official duties.
(Except for the title, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)