Queen Elizabeth, the longest-reigning monarch in UK history, died on Thursday at the age of 96, with her son Charles making her king.
Here is an explanation of the protocol surrounding the accession of a new monarch.
Charles ascended the throne soon after the death of the emperor. An accession council is convened at the earliest, usually within 24 hours, and is held at St James’s Palace, the sovereign’s official residence, to announce the successor.
The council is made up of privy councilors who have advised the emperor since the Norman era. They now include about 670 senior politicians, including Prime Minister Liz Truss.
There are also Lords Spiritual and Temporal – Bishops of the Church of England who sit in the House of Lords, including the Archbishop of Canterbury, together with the secular peers of the realm.
The Lord Mayor of London, senior civil servants and High Commissioners of 14 other territories, which have the monarch as their head of state, also sit on the council, whose Lord President is currently the lawmaker Penny Mordent.
All Privy Counselors will be invited but not all will be able to attend at short notice. In 1952, after the death of George VI, 191 members took part in Elizabeth’s accession council.
The Accession Council is divided into two parts:
The Lord President announced the Emperor’s death, and Council Clerk Richard Tilbrook read aloud the text of the Accession Proclamation.
A so-called forum party, attended by members of the Royal Family, the Prime Minister, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Earl Marshal – Duke of Norfolk, Edward Fitzlan-Howard, prominent member of the Peerage responsible for organizing state ceremonies – sign the declaration. .
Once it is signed, the Lord President calls for silence and the Council disseminates a proclamation and instructions for the remaining functions such as the firing of artillery guns at Hyde Park in London and the Tower of London.
After Part I of the Council, the Proclamation is read from the Proclamation Gallery, a balcony above the Friary Court of St James’s Palace, by the Garter King of Arms, currently David White, Senior Herald in England, whose ceremonial role brings the annual salary 49 Pound, fixed in the 1830s.
He is accompanied by the Earl Marshal and other officers dressed in traditional heraldic clothing.
The proclamation is accompanied by a gun salute and the Herald travels to Mansion House in the City of London where it is read at the Royal Exchange. The proclamation is read publicly in the United Kingdom’s other capital cities – Edinburgh, Belfast, and Cardiff – and in other places.
Part II of the Accession Council is conducted by the new sovereign, but does not always immediately follow Part I. It is attended only by the Privy Councilor and begins with a personal announcement by Charles concerning the death of the Queen.
He then takes an oath concerning the protection of the Church of Scotland under the Act of 1707 by which Scotland joined with England and Wales to form Great Britain. This has been done by each sovereign on his accession since 1714.
Recognizing that Charles chose to rule under his given name, the oath reads: “I, Charles III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and of my other territories and territories, Defenders of the faith, do solemnly promise and swear that I have the right in the prosecution of claims by laws made in Scotland and specifically established by ‘An Act to Secure the Protestant Religion and the Presbyterian Church’ I will maintain and preserve the settlement of the established true Protestant religion. Government’ and with Acts passed in the Parliament of both states for the union of the two states, the government, worship, discipline, rights and privileges of the Church of Scotland. So God help me “
The new emperor then signs two copies of the oath.
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)